As with supplements, vitamins are vital to the human body for proper growth, maintenance and function. Just like a car needs maintenance, our bodies need to be maintained to perform basic functions and keep us going at optimal levels. Not everyone can get all the necessary vitamins every single day just from diet alone. And when certain vitamins are lacking consistently, this can lead to chronic illness and disease.
Vitamin deficiency is defined as a long-term lack of a vitamin. When caused by not receiving enough of a vitamin, it's called a primary deficiency. When caused by underlying disorder, it is called a secondary deficiency. Deficiency for more common vitamins are pretty easily identified. Brittle hair and nails, mouth ulcers or cracks at the corners of the mouth, bleeding gums, changes in eyesight, and skin changes or hair loss can all signify vitamin deficiency.
Vitamins can be found in capsule and liquid form, or can be found in foods labelled as “Fortified”, such as “Fortified with vitamin d”. Vitamin D is vital to regulating calcium and phosphate in the body. It keeps bones, teeth and muscles healthy. Those living in rainy or snowy regions for long periods of time, or those who don't venture outside often can become vitamin D deficient and are at higher risk for osteomalacia, a condition that causes bone pain. By adding vitamin supplements at appropriate doses, you can prevent or reverse damage caused by deficiency.
By doing research and charting your nutritional intake, you can easily determine where and when you should add in some vitamins and supplements to nourish your body in a complete and healthy way. As with all supplements and medications, please consult a professional to help you determine your nutritional needs.